One of the most
commonly seen symptoms in an ill budgie is diarrhoea
A budgerigar with
diarrhoea will lose fluids which will dehydrate the bird and can lead to the
loss of minerals and salts. If will lead to weight loss and starvation and even
With todays longer
feathered birds the sick birds droppings become sticky and adhere to the vent
feathers (this is called clagging).
As bird owners we
should understand what a normal dropping is, this will give us all a good idea
of what is normal for our own birds.
A normal bird
dropping has three separate components; these three separate portions of the
droppings are mixed in the cloacae before passing through the vent... The first
portion is the faeces which is the digested food and should be solid and worm
like, it will be green for birds on a seed and vegetable diet. A bird that has
not eaten for 24 hours will produce a dark green almost black tarry feaces.The
colour of these black faeces is due to the bile from the liver. If the faeces portion
is not formed, this is called diarrhoea. If the faeces portion is solid no
matter how much urine is produced in the dropping then this is not diarrhoea.
Urates are the next
portion of the droppings and these are off white, cream coloured or slightly yellowish,
and are opaque. These are the results of digestion and the metabolisms of
proteins in the budgerigars systems. The urates are removed through the
Green or yellow
stained urates may be found in a budgerigar patient with liver disease. Green
urates can also be found in birds that are actively suffering from infection
The third portion of
a bird's dropping is the watery waste from the kidneys, urine. There will be
varying amounts of liquid urine in a dropping depending on the amount of water
ingested or and fruit and vegetables eaten.
Clagging is not
always visible unless we are in the habit of examining our birds underneath,
this can be fatal to our bird. The accumulation can block the vent; a bird with
a blocked vent will die in 2/3 days due to the build up of waste products in
our birds system. It is important we take the condition of diarrhoea seriously.
The most common cause
is enteritis which is an inflammation of the intestines, you require an avian
vets as this could be due to several reasons .Megabac which is another one of
the biggest causes needs no explanation, in this condition the diarrhoea is
usually not severe and is frequently of a light brown colour.
For a non disease
treatment ( such as a stressed bird)cold sweet black tea works well,, the
tannin in the tea coats the intestine, the sugar acts is an energy source
and the fluid will replace any water lost by the bird.
Remove the cladding
using warm soapy water and a cotton wool bud , once the cladding is
removed using a pair of scissors ( carefully) remove the long vent feathers.
When the vent is exposed add a thin smear of Vaseline to the bare skin of the
birds vent, this should help stop the droppings sticking.
The bird must be kept
warm ( 80 plus degrees is my meaning of warmth) it must drink , I would crop
tube a sick bird 2 ml of cold , sweet black tea at least 3 times a day. After a
week I would suggest you supply probiotics to your bird.
Green or yellow
urates = Liver Disease, Anorexia
Brown or chocolate
urates = Lead Poisoning Red urine or urates
Increased urine =
Disease, Eating food high in water, Drinking a lot